Imbak Canyon

Imbak Canyon Conservation Area


Imbak Canyon is one of the conservation areas in Sabah, Borneo. Imbak Canyon Conservation Area (ICCA) is a sweeping swath of unspoiled forest, north of the famous Maliau Basin Conservation Area. ICCA is 30 000 hectares and encompasses two rigid top virgin Jungle Reserve plus Canyon Itself and makes a significant contribution to the coverage of protected areas in the center of Sabah. ICCA consist of undisturbed pristine lowland rainforest dominated by dipterocarp trees.


If the weather permits you can have a chance to swim at Imbak waterfalls and other recreation activities such as picnic and photography. If you are bird lovers, then Imbak Canyon would be a heaven for you. 245 mammals species have been recorded in and around ICCA, there is also 5 species of birds that Endemic to Borneo can be seen in Imbak Canyon. Blue Headed Pitta, White Browed Shama, Black Throated Wrenbabbler, Bornean Blue Flycatcher and Bornean Bristlehead.


There are 2 known disctinctive waterfall in this canyon, namely the Imbak Waterfalls and the 8-tier Waterfalls. The Imbak waterfall located at the entrance to the Imbak Canyon and it is 30m wide. The 120 m tall, 8-tier waterfall was discovered in 2004 by Raleigh International Volunteers, it is located on the northern ridge of Imbak Canyon.


ICCA has rich plant biodiversity with over 600 species recorded to date, making the area potentially important as sources of undiscovered plant based medicine. The uniqueness of the 32 species plants that endemic to Borneo may arouse your interest to visit the forest. Interestingly, besides the commercial Kayu Balak, Imbak canyon conservation also potentially important as a source of undiscovered plant based medicine.


As of 2012, 9 species of primates, including Orangutan and proboscis monkey are found in ICCA. The primates that are known to make Imbak Canyon as their home are Orangutan, Grey Leaf Monkey, Proboscis Monkey, Bornean Gibbon, Silvered Leaf Monkey, Red Leaf Monkey, Western Tarsier, Pig-Tailed Macaque and Long Tail Macaque. There are currently 81 species of mammals recorded in Imbak Canyon. Mammals that are commonly seen are the Giant Squirrel (Ratufa affinis), Bearded Pig (Sus barbatus) and Borneon red muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac). Sometimes the Malay Civet and Plain pygmy squirrel can also be seen. The Bornean pygmy Elephant, Banded linsang and clouded leopard are also part of the inhabitant of Imbak Canyon. Imbak canyon is home to over 200 species of birds including species endemic to Borneo such as the blue-headed pitta, black-throated wren-babbler, Bornean blue-flycatcher and the rare Bornean bristlehead as well as all 8 species of Hornbill. Other species includes the spectacular flycatcher and pittas.

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